The database contains cases of demands of exemption from the law (including cases of conscientious objection, civil disobedience and legal protest) on religious and secular ethical grounds in some EU countries. In particular, the sample of countries includes long-established Member States (Italy, Spain, France, Germany, United Kingdom), countries that have fairly recently joined the EU (Czech and Slovak Republics), and an Associate candidate State hoping to be included in the future (Turkey). It will be the main source of information for all the research activities carried out in the project

The cases in the database, have been compiled through a review and analysis of secondary literature and media, the screening of laws, court cases and churches’ official documents so as to identify both qualitative and quantitative data sources (at national, regional and European levels) on the topic


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